(1907 - 1991)
Painter and art teacher Leonids Arins is one of the members of so called “Group of Tukums”. He was peculiar artist – already in 1930’s, unlike most of his contemporaries, who were influenced by Belgian art of that time, Arins was looking for other means of expression through the color, brushwork and line rhythms. He was influenced by french post-impressionist, fauvist, German expressionist and other modernist art movements.
Arin’s work can not be categorized within one art movement. He also hasn’t denied influence from other artists. Within his oeuvre one can see features of french fauvism painting – Henri Matisse, Pierre Bonard, as well as portraits of Fayum and Lithuanian painting. He has worked a lot, developed his drawing and became laconic, striving to create his symbols and the code of vision.
Leonids Arins was born on April 8, 1907, in Riga. He has studied at the Art Academy of Latvia (1925 – 1942) and in 1941 developed a diploma work, however, he did not finish his education.
Arins has worked at the Latvian National opera house as a decorator assistant (1929 – 1936). Starting from 1929 he has collected artworks of his contemporaries thus making the collection which became a foundation for the Tukums museum of Art. The museum was founded in 1936 and Arins was it’s director from 1938 until 1953.
Arins was a member of the Artists’ Union of the Latvian SSR since 1945, in 1950 formally excluded and enrolled again in 1969.
In 1920 he held his first solo exhibition of drawings at Rupsala Elementary School. He started participating in exhibitions since 1935. His solo exhibitions were organized in Tukums, Riga, Jurmala, Engure, Madona, Museum of Dole. He participated also in many group exhibitions.Works of Leonids Arins are in collections of Latvian National Museum of Art, Latvian Artists’ Union Museum, Tukums Museum, Talsi Regional Museum, in museums in Russia and in many private collections in Latvia and abroad.Leonids Arinswas awarded a diploma of the Artists’ Union (1977), a diploma of the Ministry of Culture for achievements in creative work (1977, 1986) and a diploma of the Supreme Council of the Latvian SSR for creative work (1987).
Leonids Arins died on October 6, 1991 in Tukums.
Literature: Tidomane G. Āriņš, Leonīds // Māksla un arhitektūra biogrāfijās, I / Atb. red. A. Vilsons. R.: Latvijas enciklopēdija, 1995, P. 32.