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Izsoļu nams/galerija Jēkabs
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Janis VALTERS

(1869 - 1932)

Painter

 

"The painterly gladness of nature is exaggerated only when the eye begins to see melodic rebellious relationships and fine-tune relationships within concrete objects."

Johan Walter

 

Latvian and German artist and teacher. One of the founders of contemporary Latvian painting. Valter wrote landscapes, portraits, genre scenes. In later years Valter's work has noticeable influence of German expressionism. In Valter's painting, one can see his passion for music, he himself studied the play on the violin and his second wife was a violinist.

 

Janis Valters was born in a Baltic German family. In 1880-1888, he studied at the middle school of Mitawa, where the drawing teacher was Kurt Wishner. At the same time, he visited the studio of Julius Dering artist and took the lessons of playing the violin. In 1889-1897 Walter studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg with A. D. Kivshenko and V. E. Makovsky He received the degree of an artist - painter for a diploma work "On the Market" (1897). He was a member of Latvian artists class "Rūķis" ("Dwarf").

 

After the death of his parents and the upheavals caused by the 1905 revolution in Russia, Valters in 1906 moved to Germany forever. He received the invitation of Baron Paula von Schlippenbach, who was also an artist, and settled in Dresden, where he moved to Berlin in 1917. Among the reasons why Walter was driven to emigration is also called divorce with his wife and the bad attitude of society, in particular because of the petition of the king, which he signed along with another outstanding artist of Latvia - Wilhelm Purvitis. Walter-Walter wrote two paintings in Walter-Kurau. In Walter's Germany, there was a whole galaxy of pupils who later became known: Hans Zank (1889-1967), Willi Gericke (1895-1970), Ilse Heller-Lazard (1884-1934), Eva Langkammer (1888-1956), Else Lohmann 1897-1984), Minna Köhler-Roeber (1883-1957). One of his students, Otto von Kursell, later became the rector of the Berlin Academy of Arts. In total, in the German period Valteres created about 3000 works.

 

The works of the artist are in the collections of the Latvian National Museum of Art, the museum of the city of Kuldiga, the Tukums Museum.

 

References:

http://www.lnmm.lv/lv/lnmm/info/explore/exhibition/2009/johans-valters-1969-19

Art and Architecture in Biographies, Encyclopaedia of Latvia, Riga, 1995

http://www.kulturaskanons.lv/lv/1/5/43/